Internationalization

Introduction

During the generation of a new project you will be asked whether or not you want to enable internationalization support.

If enabling it you will need to select the native language of your application. After that you can choose the additional languages you would like to install. If you don’t want to support any additional languages from start you can always add languages later when needed by running the language sub-generator.

If you are sure you will never translate this application into another language you should not enable the internationalization.

Supported languages

These are the currently supported languages

  • Arabic (Libya)
  • Armenian
  • Indonesian
  • Catalan
  • Chinese (Simplified)
  • Chinese (Traditional)
  • Czech
  • Danish
  • Dutch
  • English
  • Estonian
  • Farsi
  • French
  • Galician
  • German
  • Greek
  • Hindi
  • Hungarian
  • Italian
  • Japanese
  • Korean
  • Marathi
  • Polish
  • Portuguese
  • Portuguese (Brazilian)
  • Romanian
  • Russian
  • Slovak
  • Serbian
  • Spanish
  • Swedish
  • Turkish
  • Tamil
  • Thai
  • Turkish
  • Ukrainian
  • Vietnamese

Your language is missing in JHipster? Help us improve the project with a PR!

How to add languages after project generation?

To do this you can run the languages sub-generator with:

jhipster languages

Note that you will need to regenerate your entities if you would like to have them translated in the language you just added.

How to add a new language that is not supported?

All languages are saved in the folder src/main/webapp/i18n (client side) and src/main/resources/i18n (server side)

Here are the steps to install a new language called new_lang:

  1. Duplicate the src/main/webapp/i18/en folder to src/main/webapp/i18/new_lang (this is where all the front-end translations are stored)
  2. Translate all files under the folder src/main/webapp/i18/new_lang
  3. For AngularJS 1 add the language code new_lang to the LANGUAGES constant defined in src/main/webapp/app/components/language/language.constants.js

    .constant('LANGUAGES', [
        'en',
        'fr',
        'new_lang'
        // jhipster-needle-i18n-language-constant - JHipster will add/remove languages in this array
    ]
    

    For Angular 2+ add the language code new_lang to the LANGUAGES constant defined in src/main/webapp/app/shared/language/language.constants.ts

    export const LANGUAGES: string[] = [
        'en',
        'fr',
        'new_lang'
        // jhipster-needle-i18n-language-constant - JHipster will add/remove languages in this array
    ];
    
  4. In the src/main/resources/i18n folder, copy the messages_en.properties file to messages_new_lang.properties (this is where the server-side translations are stored)
  5. Translate all keys in the messages_new_lang.properties file
  6. For AngularJS 1 add the new language’s name in the function of filter('findLanguageFromKey') in the src/main/webapp/app/components/language/language.filter.js file. For Angular 2+ add the new language’s name in the languages variable of FindLanguageFromKeyPipe in the src/main/webapp/app/shared/language/language.pipe.ts
  7. For Angular 2+ add the new language bundling to webpack.common.js

    new MergeJsonWebpackPlugin({
        output: {
            groupBy: [
                { pattern: "./src/main/webapp/i18n/en/*.json", fileName: "./i18n/en.json" },
                { pattern: "./src/main/webapp/i18n/new_lang/*.json", fileName: "./i18n/new_lang.json" }
                // jhipster-needle-i18n-language-webpack - JHipster will add/remove languages in this array
            ]
        }
    })
    

The new language new_lang is now available in the language menu, and it is available both in the front-end Angular application and in the back-end Spring application.

How to remove an existing language?

Here are the steps to remove a language called old_lang:

  1. Remove the language folder from src/main/webapp/i18/old_lang
  2. Remove the constant entry in src/main/webapp/app/components/language/language.constants.js or src/main/webapp/app/shared/language/language.constants.ts
  3. Remove the src/main/resources/i18n/messages_old_lang.properties file